ChinaLinks 3: Dialectology

  1. Associations and Societies (see section K below for more info):
  2. Chinese Dialects. Online, searchable database based on the Hanyu Fangyin Zihui (汉语方音字汇 / 漢語方音字匯) (1962 ed.), etc.; part of Sergei Starostin's Etymological Databases. (See also his help page on Using the Etymological Database and his key to Encoding of Special Symbols.) For the database on which the Chinese Dialects online database was built, (thanks to tip from Bill Baxter)
  3. The Chinese Pear Stories: Narratives Across Seven Chinese Dialects. Guide to the Multimedia Package of Video, Audio, and Text. Presented at this website is Mary Erbaugh's wonderful, multi-dialect project, namely, recordings of narratives in seven Chinese dialect groups -- Mandarin, Cantonese (Yue), Hakka (Kejia), Wu, Min, Xiang, and Gan -- using Professor Wallace Chafe's "pear" film (a copy of which is also online). Recording sites for the Chinese narratives are: Taipei (for Mandarin), Hong Kong (for Cantonese and for Hakka), Shanghai (for Wu), Xiamen (for Min), Changsha (for Xiang), and Nanchang (for Gan).
  4. Cantonese Linguistic Studies. Online resources -- in traditional and simplified Chinese characters (English version in the future) -- for those interested in linguistic research on Cantonese, jointly established (July 2002) and maintained by Jinan University and the University of Hong Kong.
  5. Cantonese Phonetic IME (CPIME). Freely-downloadable input for four Cantonese romanization systems, including Cantonese Yale romanization, Cantonese Pinyin romanization ("Standard Cantonese Pinyin"), Jyutping romanization, and Sydney Lau's system of romanization. They also have a downloadable Cantonese Phonetic IME for Android mobile devices.
  6. Nineteenth Century Books on Linguistics, Chadwyck-Healey's microfiche collection for library acquisition, containing 1,200 texts. A "Title Keyword" search for "Chinese," for example, yielded 49 records, including Morrison (1828) and Bridgman (1841) on Cantonese; Medhurst (1837) and Douglas (1873) on S. Min; Marshman (1809, 1814), Morrison (1815), Edkins (1857), Lobscheid (1864), and Doolittle (1872) on (Mandarin) Chinese, etc. (See also Chadwyck-Healey's online, searchable, microfiche collection of reprints, Nineteenth Century Books on China, containing 733 monographs about China written in English, or translated into English.)
  7. Besta's Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary. Hand-held, English<->Chinese/Chinese-Chinese electronic dictionary that is used with Taiwan-based Besta's checkbook-sized electronic dictionary and organizer. The dictionary has, in addition to other features, synthesized speech output in three "languages": Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, and English; and multiple input methods (Zhuyin Fuhao, Pinyin, Cantonese, etc.), including handwritten (penned) input on a touch screen. (tip from Loyd Mowry) (Big5)
  8. Cantonese Vernacular Characters and RichWin97 vs RichWin2000. A webpage created as an extension of my course on "Chinese Computing" (Spring 2000).
  9. Chinese Character Dictionary. Part of Erik Peterson's On-line Chinese Tools, the online, searchable dictionary allows for lookup in Mandarin Pinyin (with or without tone), Cantonese Yale romanization, English, characters (Big5/GB/Unicode), or radical/stroke.
  10. Dictionary of Chinese Characters (CCDict). Thomas Chin's online, searchable dictionary for character readings of Mandarin, Cantonese, and Hakka (Kejia) for 53,000+ Chinese characters, and for character meanings for 21,000+ characters. Multiple search methods include Mandarin (Hanyu) Pinyin, Cantonese, Hakka, English, four-corner, bushou (radicals), Sino-Japanese, and Sino-Korean. Dialect-specific characters can be found using radical/stroke or English lookup. (No decoder needed.)
  11. Ethnologue: Chinese (Mandarin). Summer Institute of Linguistics' Ethnologue: Languages of the World database (14th ed., 2001). (UTF8-encoding). (For other subvarieties of Chinese (e.g., "Chinese, Hakka", "Chinese, Yue", "Chinese, Jinyu", etc.), check Ethnologue Language Name Index: C.)
  12. Hakka Chinese Homepage. Siu-Leung Lee's website of resources and links on Hakka (Kejia) Chinese.
  13. A Hong Kong Cantonese Child Language Corpus (CANCORP). Thomas Lee's eight-subject, longitudinal project, with description of the corpus, depositories, etc. There are two downloadable versions of the corpus: a Chinese version (Chinese only) and a CHAT version (Chinese on one tier and romanization on another). Chinese display requires MS Chinese Win95/98 with Hong Kong government's Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS) support for viewing the Cantonese vernacular characters that are not in GB or Big5.
  14. List of Language Lists. Bernard Comrie and Michael Everson's list with info on listservers, including one for Shanghai dialect (maintained by Tianwei Xie) and one for Taiwanese.
  15. Red Dragonfly Chinese Input Method. Input method freely-downloadable from K.K. Luke's website at University of Hong Kong. Adopting the Linguistic Socity of Hong Kong's system of Cantonese Romanization, the Red Dragonfly Input Method uses the word and the short phrase as its fundamental input units. On the basis of the University of Hong Kong's Cantonese Corpus, a lexicon of some 45,000 words and short phrases has been built into the tool. Also incorporated into Red Dragonfly Input Method is the Cantonese pronunciations of a set of commonly used characters in the Hong Kong SAR Government's Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS).
  16. Shanghai Dialect. Tim Xie's annotated links to online resources on the Shanghai (Wu) dialect. (Thanks to Victor Mair.)
  17. The UCLA Language Materials Project: Learning resources for less commonly taught languages of the world. Links and searchable database of resources that includes Chinese, both Mandarin and Cantonese.
  18. Wenzhou Spoken Corpus 温州口语语言资料库. This online, searchable corpus of transcribed spoken data of Wenzhou Chinese, released in January 2006, is developed by Jingxia Lin and John Newman, Department of Linguistics, University of Alberta.
  19. Wikipedia: Chinese Language. Wikipedia Encyclopedia website's information on Chinese, including writing system, Chinese dialects (the spoken language), description of the grammar of Chinese, phonology of Mandarin (sound system, differences between Mandarin and Beijinghua), etc.
  20. Visit other links in this web site: Chinese Netnews and E-magazinesChinese Real-Time Audio and Video Programs, and General Resources for Chinese Studies for online book/software vendors (e.g., China Books and Periodicals, Inc.) for Cantonese language learning materials.